Zhuge Liang is an outstanding figure in Chinese history. He has talents in many fields, from politics, military, diplomacy, law to education, feng shui, technical invention. In history, there are very few people with comprehensive talent across fields like him.
Here are interesting facts about this polite character:
1. Born in Shandong
Zhuge Liang (181 – 234), self-proclaimed Khong Minh, nicknamed Wo Long, is known for his role as a counselor of Liu Bei during the Three Kingdoms period in Chinese history. He was born in Duong Do, now in Yinan district, Shandong province, China.
2. Nicknamed “Mr. Crocodile Dragon”
According to the story of Bang Thong recorded in the Three Kingdoms, Zhuge Liang was a student of Bang Duc Cong, from Tuong Duong. Zhuge Liang often went to the house, alone under the bed, at first, Pang Duc Cong did not teach anything, then he taught. It was the Bang surname who gave Zhuge Liang the nickname Ngoa Long.
3. Liu Bei had to convince him three times before he invited Zhuge Liang to come down the mountain to support him
According to Luo Guanzhong’s interpretation of the Three Kingdoms, before Tu Thu came to Cao Cao, he recommended Zhuge Liang to Liu Bei. After that, Luu Bei went to Long Trung to ask Zhuge Liang to help him, but the first two times he did not meet until the third time, so the folklore has the classic “Luu Bei tam trying to compose a pot for sage”.
4. Zhuge Liang’s Legendary Plan
Zhuge Liang outlined “Long Trung countermeasures” for Liu Bei on the way to building a great career. This strategy is considered as the foundation for Liu Bei to conquer the land to create a foothold with the two main forces at that time, Cao Cao and Sun Quyen, becoming the basis for the establishment of the Shu Han state later.
Zhuge Liang’s initial general plan was to capture Jing Province and Yi Province to attack Cao Cao from two sides.
Long Trung’s policy was put forward a year, then the coalition Luu Be – Ton Quyen won a great victory in the battle of Xich Bich against Cao Cao, opening the opportunity to build a position for Liu Bei. By 215, both continents Kinh – Ich had fallen into the hands of Liu Bei and in 219, Liu again defeated Cao to occupy Han Trung, officially creating the cauldron in China.
5. Borrowing Cao Cao’s scheme
When Zhuge Liang carried out reforms in the Jingzhou area, which was then ruled by corrupt officials, in addition to destroying them, he borrowed Cao Cao’s agricultural tactics to help increase production. food and living standards of the Thuc people.
6. Legal Reform in Shu
Zhuge Liang said that in order to rule the country well, it is necessary to first rely on virtue to induce and educate, and add “clear legal institutions and rewards and punishments”. Zhuge Liang’s strict legal policy not only restrained the strongmen but also encouraged them, so the politics of Thuc became very clear.
As for governing, Zhuge Liang clearly understood where tolerance was needed and where strict laws were needed. The book Tu Chi Thong Giam states that: “Zhat Luong’s assistant Liu Bei governs the land of Thuc very strictly, the elite bureaucracy and privileges in Ich Chau can’t stand it and often complain.”
Thanks to Zhuge Liang’s interest in the people’s lives in the land of Thuc, after 3 years, Ich Chau had enough salary and enough soldiers, able to fully supply Liu Bei’s frontline needs. To stabilize his finances, Zhuge Liang issued new coins, stabilized prices, and established a market mandarin specializing in market management.
7. There are many legends about Zhuge Liang
In terms of military talent, in the Three Kingdoms Expression, La Quan Trung describes the character Zhuge Liang as a prime minister who has the ability to use the army to “emerge the devil into the soul”, can press hexagrams to predict the future, call rain to call. wind, using words or letters to provoke the death of a series of other characters such as Chu Du, Vuong Lang, Cao Chan…
Today, talking about Zhuge Liang’s military talent is still a topic that many people discuss. He had many commendable feats such as, pacifying Meng Huo in a short time, planning to kill two good Wei generals, defeating Sima Yi several times, making the Wei army so confused that he only chose a strategy. entrenched in the citadel but did not dare to pull out to fight.
8. Leaving peacefully
In August 234, Zhuge Liang fell seriously ill. His wish before he died was that after his death, he did not need to be brought to Chengdu for burial, but buried at Dingjun Mountain in the frontline, to symbolize the will of “horse skin covering corpses on the battlefield”.
At the end of August in the 12th year of Kien Hung (ie 234), Zhuge Liang fell ill during the 6th Northern Punishment campaign, at the age of 54. He was buried at Dingjun mountain in the Hanzhong region according to his will. The grave rests on the mountain, just enough to hold the coffin, wrapped in ordinary clothes, not buried with any property.