For those who like adventure travel, it can take them weeks of travel to reach the top of Everest. And this also makes many of them feel proud, because not everyone can do that.
However, Mount Everest is only the highest point above sea level, not the highest mountain on Earth.
According to Business Insider, in terms of altitude above sea level, Everest is the highest mountain in the world. But in terms of absolute altitude, that is, the height from the foot of the mountain to the top of the mountain, then Mauna Kea in the island of Hawaii is the highest mountain in the world.
Mount Everest has an elevation of 8,850 meters above sea level, and there is no denying that it is an incredibly high place. However, the title of “highest mountain in the world” when measured from the foot of the mountain to the top belongs to Mount Mauna Kea with an altitude of only 4,205 meters above sea level.
This is actually a shield volcano on the island of Hawaii with the foothills lying about 6,000m below the surface of the Pacific Ocean. In other words, more than half the height of this mountain is submerged under the sea. When measuring the altitude from the base of the mountain (the part below the variable) to the top, Mauna Kea is over 10,000 meters high, much higher than Mount Everest’s 8,850 meters. This makes it the tallest mountain in the world. It is also the tallest volcano on Earth.
Mauna Kea Mountain Observatory.
Mauna Kea is thought to have formed on a hot spot in the Earth’s crust, which is an area where magma from the mantle rises through the crust and erupts to the surface.
The hotspot is thought to be stationary while the Pacific plate, home to Mauna Kea, has moved over it. As the plate moved northwest through the hotspot, a series of volcanoes formed, with each successive volcano becoming older and more eroded as the plate moved further away from the hotspot. .
Mauna Kea is the youngest of these volcanoes, forming only a million years ago and it is still an active volcano, even though it hasn’t erupted in centuries. Scientists believe that the last time Mauna Kea erupted was more than 45,000 years ago.
In fact, the shape of the Earth is not a perfect sphere. It is a flat ball. The Earth bulges at the equator and is flat near the poles, so people in countries like Ecuador, Kenya, Tanzania and Indonesia can be up to 13 miles closer to the moon than people living in the Arctic. or South.
Mauna Kea is also famous for one difference: it is home to the largest astronomical observatory in the world – the $1.4 billion Thirty Meter Telescope. At this altitude, the peak is higher than 40% of Earth’s atmosphere, which improves the ability to observe distant cosmic objects. Extremely dry conditions and almost no clouds also make it an ideal location for astronomical observations.
Mauna Loa is also a stratovolcano and the largest volcano on the planet in terms of volume and area. It reaches an altitude of 4,169 meters above sea level, making it the second tallest mountain in Hawaii, but also the second highest mountain on Earth measured from base to summit.
Mauna Kea is the highest mountain peak in Hawaii. The name of this mountain is derived from Hawaiian and means white mountain. It is one of the oldest volcanoes and is considered sacred by Hawaiian natives.
Mauna Kea is a volcano where you can find amazing ecology and biodiversity including native plant and animal habitats. Therefore, it is of great cultural and natural importance. It is considered a haven for a large number of local species and is important not only in Hawaii but around the world.
This is a shield volcano with a snow-covered top. Although Hawaii has a warm climate, the high altitude of Mauna Kea allows ice and snow to appear during the winter months.
These features make it a popular destination for practicing sports like skiing. Due to the high altitude, landscape, fresh air and distance from big cities, telescopes and observatories have also been installed at this mountain.
Original post: https://gamek.vn/hoa-ra-dinh-everest-van-chua-phai-la-ngon-nui-cao-nhat-tren-trai-dat-178221220143901025.chn